A History of Matlock

by Peter Wild, Matlock Civic Association

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The Matlock Settlements

The Matlocks

Mestesforde and Meslach

Old Matlock

Knowleston Place and Matlock Green

Development of the Matlock Baths

Wolley’s Well

The Old Bath and the New Bath

The Emergence of Matlock Bath

A Church, a Tower and a Railway Station

Two Pavilions, a Bridge and Derwent Gardens

Matlock Bath Today

The Smedleys and Lea Mill

John Smedley, the Wealthy Industrialist

The Smedleys and Lea Mill

The Nightingale – Smedley Connection

John Smedley and Caroline

John Smedley and the Rise of Hydropathy

The Growing Popularity of Hydropathy

Ben Rhydding and Cheltenham

Smedley’s Mild Water Cure

John Smedley, and the Ralph Davis Hydros

Soft, Pure Water

Riber Castle

The Growth of Smedley’s Hydro

Hydros – The Followers

Hydros of the Davis Family

More Hydros with a Smedley Connection

Investment Hydros

A Couple of Financial Failures

Matlock Before the Railway Age

Early Routes from Matlock Bridge

Matlock Bridge and Matlock Bank in 1848

Matlock During the Railway Age

Churches and Schools on Matlock Bank

Public Houses and Shops on Matlock Bank

Boarding Houses on Matlock Bank

The Growth of Matlock Bridge and Dale Road

The Emergence of Crown Square as the Town Centre

The Decline and Re-Use of Hydros

The Decline of Hydropathy on Matlock Bank

World War I: Hydros and Hospitals

World War I: Matlock’s Pain

World War II: The Final Nail in the Coffin of Hydropathy

A College, a Care Home and County Hall

Matlock’s War

Other Industries / Employment

The Decline of the Local Textile Industry

Lead Mining and Industry

Quarrying in the Matlock Area

The Extraction of Limestone

Tree, Shrub and Plant Nurseries

The Tourist Centre of Matlock

The Administrative Centre of Matlock

The Emergence of Modern Matlock

The Merging of the Matlocks

Post War Matlock

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